Nigeria’s health care sector continues to take a turn for the worse due to inadequate funding. That looks set to continue as the budget for health care in 2020 remains inadequate. Nigeria’s federal government has budgeted the sum of N427.3B for healthcare in 2020.
That number may seem like much but when divided amongst the nearly 200 million people in Nigeria, each citizen gets around N2000 for healthcare.
Some of Nigeria’s health indices provide context to how dire the situation is in the country. According to the World Health Organisation, Nigeria is “the country where nearly 20 per cent of all global maternal deaths happen.
Between 2005 and 2015, it is estimated that over 600,000 maternal deaths and no less than 900,000 maternal near-miss cases occurred in the country”. Overall, the maternal mortality rate is approximately 800 per 1000 live births and 58000 maternal deaths in 2015.
Likewise, there was a recent warning by members of the House of Representatives about a possible Ebola outbreak in Nigeria due to the porousness of Nigeria’s borders and its proximity to the Democratic Republic of Congo, a country currently battling the deadly disease.
The 2020 budget has disparities in allocations to different ministries. For instance, while the health ministry had a meagre budget of N427.30 billion which is only 4.14 per cent of the proposed budget for 2020, the Ministry of Education had 653.94 billion which represents 6.32 per cent of the total national budget.
On the other hand, security and humanitarian affairs combined has N1.985 trillion which represents 19.23 per cent of the national budget.