You should make sure you know how to prevent pregnancy if you are sexually active. One of the major ways to prevent unwanted pregnancy is not engaging in sex. Abstinence (meaning choosing not to have any kind of sex at all) does not only protects you from the stress of unwanted pregnancy, but also from sexually transmitted diseases (STI) like Chlamydia, Gonorrhea, Syphilis, Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) etc.
Some girls have lost their lives to illegal abortions which could have been prevented,having kids that were not planned for and cannot be cared for.
Today, I will be showing you various methods that can be used to prevent pregnancy other than abstinence.
I. Use of Condoms
Make use of condoms when having sex,it also offers protection against sexually transmitted diseases like Gonorrhea. Female condoms are also available but they should not be used along side with male condom. Ensure that you use the condom correctly because they will be useless if they are not used appropriately.
2. Use of Fertility Trackers
This method is effective for people that know their body very well and have a cycle that is regular. These trackers helps to track menstruation and ovulation. It will make you to know your safe periods and when to avoid sex. It is not an absolute method but it should be completed with other methods.
3. Get Emergency Contraceptives
Emergency contraceptives are contraceptives used to prevent pregnancy after unprotected sex. It is only active within 72 hours of unprotected sex. Mind you it is not food that should be taken every day, it has side effects that you might not be comfortable with.
4. Make use of long term birth control pills
You can decide to make use of long term birth control pills. There are several birth control pills that can last for up to years depending on the content. They include
• Daily combination pills contain estrogen and progestin, two synthetic hormones similar to the ones made by your ovaries.
• Daily minipills contain only progestin.
• Skin patches contain estrogen and progestin, and are worn for 21 days. They’re removed for seven days before switching to a new patch.
• Vaginal rings. They are also worn for 21 days and removed for seven days before being replaced.
• Intrauterine devices (IUDs) can be contain hormonal drugs or not. Depending on the device, they can be worn for 3 to 10 years.
The pills should be taken at a particular time each day,the more you miss your pills the higher your chances of being pregnant.
5. Use of injection
There are contraceptives shots that are taken and can last from months to years. An example is the contraceptive shot (Depo-Provera) which is usually given by a doctor every 12 weeks. According to the center for disease control, when used correctly, and assuming that a person gets their shot on time, it is over 90 percent effective at preventing pregnancy.These shots after they are taken may take up to 10 months, or sometimes longer, for fertility to return to normal after a person stops getting the contraceptive shot.
6. Use of Spermicide
Spermicide is a chemical that inactivates sperm. It is available to buy without a prescription and is used with forms of barrier contraception, such as condoms. When used alone, spermicide should be inserted close to the cervix at least 10 minutes before sex. It remains effective for one hour and is approximately 71 percent effective.
7. Permanent Method
This method is usually adopted by couples who have made up their minds not to have kids,then sterilization method is used for long term protection. In women, the fallopian tubes are blocked so the egg can not travel to the uterus. In men, this method prevents the sperm is from being released during ejaculation.
Some sterilization procedures may not be effective right away, so other backup birth control methods can be used until the doctors confirmation.
Contraceptive failure do usually occur and can happen to anyone. A condom may break or you may have skipped a few days of the pill. If you suspect pregnancy, you can take an at-home pregnancy test to find out. Doctors do recommend taking the test after the first day of your missed period. For women who don’t have regular periods, the test can be taken at least three weeks after contraceptive failure. Confirm your results with your doctor, as at-home tests aren’t always reliable. They may have you take a urine test, blood test, or both. If it turns out you are pregnant, talk with your doctor about your options going forward, such as family planning, abortion, or adoption. Finally,prevention is always better than cure.